Toxicity of single-wall carbon nanotubes functionalized with polyethylene glycol in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos

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Author list: Girardi FA, Bruch GE, Peixoto CS, Dal Bosco L, Sahoo SK, Goncalves COF, Santos AP, Furtado CA, Fantini C, Barros DM
Publisher: Wiley: 12 months
Publication year: 2017
Volume number: 37
Issue number: 2
Start page: 214
End page: 221
Number of pages: 8
ISSN: 0260-437X
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


Abstract

Single-wall carbon nanotubes functionalized with polyethylene glycol (SWCNT-PEG) are promising materials for biomedical applications such as diagnostic devices and controlled drug-release systems. However, several questions about their toxicological profile remain unanswered. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the action of SWCNT-PEG in Danio rerio zebrafish embryos at the molecular, physiological and morphological levels. The SWCNT used in this study were synthesized by the high-pressure carbon monoxide process, purified and then functionalized with distearoyl phosphatidylethanolamine block copolymer-PEG (molecular weight 2kDa). The characterization process was carried out with low-resolution transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and Raman spectroscopy. Individual zebrafish embryos were exposed to the SWCNT-PEG. Toxic effects occurred only at the highest concentration tested (1ppm) and included high mortality rates, delayed hatching and decreased total larval length. For all the concentrations tested, the alkaline comet assay revealed no genotoxicity, and Raman spectroscopy measurements on the histological slices revealed no intracellular nanotubes. The results shown here demonstrate that SWCNT-PEG has low toxicity in zebrafish embryos, but more studies are needed to understand what mechanisms are involved. However, the presence of residual metals is possibly among the primary mechanisms responsible for the toxic effects observed, because the purification process was not able to remove all metal contamination, as demonstrated by the thermogravimetric analysis. More attention must be given to the toxicity of these nanomaterials before they are used in biomedical applications. Copyright (c) 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.Individual zebrafish embryos were exposed to the single-wall carbon nanotubes functionalized with 2kDa polyethylene glycol. The sample was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and Raman spectroscopy. The results demonstrate that single-wall carbon nanotube-polyethylene glycol have low toxicity in zebrafish embryos and were unable to reach the internal tissues of the animals. The presence of residual metals is possibly among the primary mechanisms responsible for the toxic effects observed.


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Last updated on 2019-23-08 at 11:15