Control of blood pressure in Spanish hypertensive population attended in primary health-care

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Subtitle: PRESCAP 2006 Study
Author list: Caro JLL, Roca GCR, Moreno FJA, Banegas JRB, Alsina DGS, Arnal SL, Garrote JA, Ruiz TS, Rodriguez JAS, Alonso VB
Publisher: Elsevier: 12 months
Publication year: 2008
Volume number: 130
Issue number: 18
Start page: 681
End page: 687
Number of pages: 7
ISSN: 0025-7753
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: More information is needed on hypertension control and its evolution in clinical practice. This study aimed to determine the degree of blood pressure (BP) control in Spanish hypertensive patients attended in primary care (PC) and to determine the factors associated with poor BP control.PATIENTS AND METHOD: Cross-sectional, multicenter study, carried out in PC settings throughout Spain. Hypertensive patients >= 18 years, with anti hypertensive treatment (>= 3 months) were consecutively recruited. BP measurement was performed surgery hours (morning and evening) following standardized methods and averaging 2 consecutive readings. BP control was regarded as optimum when BP values were < 140/90 mmHg in general population and < 130/80 mmHg in patients with diabetes, chronic renal disease or cardiovascular disease.RESULTS: 10,520 hypertensive patients were included (53.7% women), mean age (SD) 64.6 (11.3) years. 41.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 40.5-42.4) presented good systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) control, 46.5% (95% CI, 45.5-47.4) only SBP control and 67.1% (95% CI, 66.2-68.0) only DBP control. 55.6% of patients were treated with combination therapy (41.2% 2 drugs, 11.7% 3 and 2.8% more than 3). BP control was significantly (p < 0,001) higher in the evening measurement (48.9%) than in the morning measurement (40.5%), and if patients had taken the treatment before measurement (42.0%) compared with those who had not taken it (38.8%). Factors such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, sedentary lifestyle, alcohol consumption and surgery hour were associated with poor BP control (p < 0,001).CONCLUSIONS: The results of the PRESCAP 2006 study indicate that 4 out of 10 hypertensive patients treated in PC in Spain have an optimal BP control. The degree of control of arterial hypertension has improved remarkably with respect to the PRESCAP 2002 study.


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Last updated on 2019-23-08 at 11:15