Peptides design based on transmembrane Escherichia coli's OmpA protein through molecular dynamics simulations in water-dodecane interfaces

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Author list: Aguilera-Segura SM, Velez VN, Achenie L, Solano OA, Torres R, Barrios AFG
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2016
Volume number: 68
Start page: 216
End page: 223
Number of pages: 8
ISSN: 1093-3263
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


Abstract

Recent research efforts have focused on the production of environmentally nonthreatening products, including identifying biosurfactants that can replace conventional surfactants. In order to utilize biosurfactants in different industries such as cosmetic, food or petroleum, it is necessary to understand the underpinnings behind the interactions that could take place for biosurfactants which display potential for interface activity. This work aimed to use molecular dynamics simulations to understand the interactions of rationally obtained peptide sequences from the original sequence of the OmpA gene in Escherichia coli, based on the free energy change (Delta G) during peptide insertion at the water-dodecane interface. Seventeen OmpA-based peptide sequences were selected and analyzed based on their hydropathy index profiles. We found that free energy change due to Columbic interactions and SASA (Delta G(coul/SASA)), total free energy change and MW (Delta G(/Mw)), and free energy change due to Coulombic and van der Waals interactions (Delta G(coul/)Delta G(vdW)) ratios could provide a better understating in the contribution of the free energy decrease at the interface. The results indicated that the peptide sequences GKNHDTGVSPVFA and THENQLGAGAFG display biosurfactant potential based on low Delta G per square nanometer, high Delta G(coul)/Delta G(vdW) ratio, clearly defined moieties along its hydrophobic surface and sequence, and the presence of charged residues in the polar head. Clearly defined moieties and SASA were determinant for electrostatic interactions between oil-water interfaces. Experimental validations exhibited that the emulsions prepared remained stable between 3 and 27 h, respectively. Even though the peptide GKNHDTGVSPVFA displays strong interactions at the interface, stabilization times showed that the peptide THENQLGAGAFG exhibited the best performance suggesting that the stability can be better described by kinetic rather than thermodynamic criteria once the emulsion is formed. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


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Last updated on 2019-23-08 at 11:15