Prevalence of undetected chronic kidney disease in dyslipidemic population treated in primary care. LIPICAP study

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Author list: Caro JLL, Teruel JLG, Moreno FJA, Escribano MJM, Roca GCR, Alonso VB, Arnal SL, Banegas JRB, Gilarranz AM
Publisher: Elsevier: 12 months
Publication year: 2008
Volume number: 130
Issue number: 4
Start page: 127
End page: 132
Number of pages: 6
ISSN: 0025-7753
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Information about the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in population treated in primary care (PC) is scarce. The aim of this study was to determine undetected CKD prevalence in dyslipidemic population measuring creatinine clearance according to the Cockcroft-Gault equation corrected for surface area.PATIENTS AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study including patients with diagnosis of dyslipidemia selected by consecutive sampling in PC. CKD was diagnosed when the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was < 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2). We assessed sociodemographic and clinical data, cardiovascular risk factor, coronary disease risk categories, dyslipidemia characteristics, functional CKD stage, and pharmacological treatments.RESULTS: The sample included 5,990 patients (50.2% women). The mean (standard deviation) age was 60.9 (11.1) years. The main reason for iclusion was hypercholesterolemia (65%), followed by mixed hyperlipidemia (26.4%), low high density lipoproteins (HDL)-cholesterol (4.9%) and hypertrigliceridemia (3.7%). According to the Cockcroft-Gault equation, CKD prevalence was 16.2% (95% confidence interval, 15.3-17.1) and it was significantly higher in women (22.7%) than in men (9.8%) (p < 0.0001). Patients with CKD were older compared with patients with normal GFR, and had higher systolic blood pressure, glucose and HDL-cholesterol (p < 0.001), as well as lower levels of total cholesterol, low density lipoproteins-cholesterol, and triglycerides (p < 0.01). The probability of presenting CKD was related to female gender, age, and lower body mass index.CONCLUSIONS: The LIPICAP study results indicate that almost 20% of PC dyslipidemic patients in Spain present undetected CKD when the GFR is measured according to the Cockcroft-Gault equation corrected for surface area.


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Last updated on 2019-23-08 at 11:15