Brain oscillatory complexity across the life span

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Author list: Fernández, A., Zuluaga, P., Abásolo, D., Gómez, C., Serra, A., Méndez, M.A., Hornero, R.
Publisher: Elsevier: 12 months
Publication year: 2012
Volume number: 123
Issue number: 11
Start page: 2154
End page: 2162
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 1388-2457
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


Abstract

Objective: Considering the increasing use of complexity estimates in neuropsychiatric populations, a normative study is critical to define the 'normal' behaviour of brain oscillatory complexity across the life span. Method: This study examines changes in resting-state magnetoencephalogram (MEG) complexity - quantified with the Lempel-Ziv complexity (LZC) algorithm - due to age and gender in a large sample of 222 (100 males/122 females) healthy participants with ages ranging from 7 to 84. years. Results: A significant quadratic (curvilinear) relationship (p< 0.05) between age and complexity was found, with LZC maxima being reached by the sixth decade of life. Once that peak was crossed, complexity values slowly decreased until late senescence. Females exhibited higher LZC values than males, with significant differences in the anterior, central and posterior regions (p< 0.05). Conclusions: These results suggest that the evolution of brain oscillatory complexity across the life span might be considered a new illustration of a 'normal' physiological rhythm. Significance: Previous and forthcoming clinical studies using complexity estimates might be interpreted from a more complete and dynamical perspective. Pathologies not only cause an 'abnormal' increase or decrease of complexity values but they actually 'break' the 'normal' pattern of oscillatory complexity evolution as a function of age. © 2012 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.


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Last updated on 2019-13-08 at 00:16