Validation of the Spanish version of the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST).

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Details zur Publikation

Autorenliste: Jurado Barba R
Verlag: Universidad de Murcia / Servicio de Publicaciones
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2014
Zeitschrift: Anales de Psicología (0212-9728)
Bandnummer: 31
Heftnummer: 2
Erste Seite: 504
Letzte Seite: 523
Seitenumfang: 20
ISSN: 0212-9728
eISSN: 1695-2294
Sprachen: Englisch-Vereinigtes Königreich (EN-GB)


Beschreibung

Attention bias for alcohol has proved useful to distinguish peo-ple with
a pathological consumption of people who do not, and depend-ents who
are more likely to fall in consumption. The aim of this study was to
validate the Spanish version of the Alcohol Stroop test, designed to
evaluate attention biases for alcohol in alcohol-dependent patients. The
sample was composed by 173 participants divided into 2 groups: 1)
“Pa-tients” (n = 88) meeting criteria for alcohol dependence; and 2)
“Control” (n = 85) having a low risk for alcohol consumption, that
completed the Stroop color naming Task (Classic Stroop), the Neutral
Stroop test and the alcohol Stroop test. Statistically significant
differences were found in the in-terference effects calculated for the
Classic and Alcohol Stroop tests. Pa-tients compared to control
participants showed a higher interference effect for alcohol-related
stimuli than for neutral stimuli. These effects were ac-counted by an
attention bias for alcohol-related information in patients. ROC curves
were calculated for the three interference effects, showing an area
under the curve statistically significant in the Classic Stroop
interfer-ence and the Alcohol Stroop interference. This study provides
the valida-tion of the Spanish version of the Alcohol Stroop test that
allows to evalu-ate attention biases for alcohol stimuli in individuals
with both pathologic alcohol consumption and alcohol dependence.


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