Gender pay gaps and the restructuring of graduate labour markets in Southern Europe

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Publication Details

Author list: Figueiredo, H., Rocha, V., Biscaia, R., Teixeira, P.
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy E - Oxford Open Option D
Publication year: 2015
Journal: Cambridge Journal of Economics (0309-166X)
Volume number: 39
Issue number: 2
Start page: 565
End page: 598
Number of pages: 34
ISSN: 0309-166X
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


Abstract

In this article we investigate whether education-job mismatches and
growing occupational diversity are important explanatory factors of
gender pay gaps amongst university graduates in Southern Europe (namely
in Portugal, Spain, and Italy). We use standard decomposition techniques
and test the implications of controlling for selection bias. Our
results indicate that over-education and greater occupational
segregation associated with the emergence of new graduate job profiles
are important determinants of earnings inequality. Whilst our focus is
on graduates' early careers, demonstrating that occupational assignment
and selection into employment shape gender pay gaps amongst the highly
skilled provides a more pessimistic view on the ability of educational
expansion or equal pay legislation to significantly reduce gender pay
inequality. Southern European economies are also particularly
interesting to look at since there may be a greater degree of mismatch
between the pace of higher education expansion and the changes in the
job structure, making women particularly vulnerable to over-education. ©
The Author 2015.


Keywords

Decomposition analysis, Education, Europe, Gender disparity, Graduate employment, Job structure, Labor market, Wage gap


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Last updated on 2019-13-08 at 00:45