How oil contracts affect human rights

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Publication Details

Author list: Mimoso, M. J., Alves, C. C. S., Gonçalo, D. F. D., & Alves, P. M. F. P.
Publisher: European Center for Science Education and Research & Mediterranean Center for Science Education and Research
Place: Rome
Publication year: 2019
Start page: 133
End page: 142
Number of pages: 10
ISBN: 978-88-909700-7-8
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


Since the beginning of the 19th century, we have assisted major proliferation of the oil and gas industry. This

phenomenon of exponential growth is due to the fact that oil companies hold the world’s oil monopoly on the

extraction, processing and commercialization. Therefore, as being one of the most influential sectors in the

world, is crucial to strictly regulate how oil and gas contracts concerns the potential environmental and social

impacts arising from the conduct of petroleum operations and how such behavior affects the human rights. As

a matter of fact, the social issues field is an emerging area, and despite such importance, oil contracts do not

often deal with them in great detail, corresponding to an actual emptiness of the human rights provisions. In

terms of responsibly, oil companies, have an inalienable obligation to ensure that their actions do not violate

human rights or contribute for their violation. This study aims to trace a detailed analysis of the impact of the oil

and gas agreements in human rights. In order to fully comprehend the deep effects of this industry, we will

examine, in detail, numerous of published oil and gas agreements, as well as, decode which are the real

standards and practices accepted by this industry. We will use a deductive and speculative reasoning. We will

try to demonstrate how incipient and short protection is given to human rights and what responsible conducts

must urgently be developed.


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Last updated on 2019-13-08 at 00:16