The role of AI and automation on the future of jobs and the opportunity to change society

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Publication Details

Author list: Moreira, F., et al.
Publisher: Springer
Publication year: 2019
Volume number: 932
Start page: 348
End page: 357
Number of pages: 10
ISBN: 978-3-030-16187-3
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


Abstract

In today’s world, technology is an indispensable part of our daily

life. More and more products are produced to satisfy the needs of a growing

population and the Internet is creating new services every day. However, to be

able to keep up with the growing demand, new technologies needed to be

invented to increase the pace of production and to lower costs. Automating tasks

was the solution and for many years machines did repetitive tasks, replaced

people and created new and better jobs to substitute the old ones. Nowadays

automation is reaching incredible levels and it is not creating enough jobs to

replace the old ones. Will unemployment increase in the upcoming years or will

humanity be able to adapt to a different job market? Our study focuses on the

types of unemployment caused by automation and on the possible solutions that

society needs to implement. The research also points out how people from

different social classes face the changing job market and how all can benefit

from it. A new form of governance of society may be needed, in view of

previous failed forms including fascism, communism, and, more recently, liberalism.

In the future there will be fewer and fewer jobs that cannot be replaced

by a robot. With this, the probability of mass unemployment is very high. An

ideology promoting a Universal Basic Income could be a solution to combat the

massive unemployment that automation may cause in the future, especially in

medium-skilled jobs.


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Last updated on 2019-13-08 at 00:46